Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey, serving from 1923 until his death in 1938. He was born in 1881 in the Ottoman Empire and rose to prominence as a military commander during World War I. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish War of Independence and established a new, secular Turkish state.
As president, Atatürk implemented sweeping reforms aimed at modernizing Turkey and transforming it into a modern, democratic, and secular nation-state. These reforms included the adoption of a new legal code, the abolition of the Ottoman sultanate and the caliphate, the establishment of a new education system, the introduction of a new alphabet, and the promotion of women’s rights.
Atatürk’s legacy is still felt strongly in Turkey today, and he is widely regarded as a hero and a symbol of the country’s national identity. His portrait appears on Turkish banknotes, and his mausoleum in Ankara is a popular tourist destination.
This 0 euro souvenir banknote was designed as a memorial to KEMAL ATATURK.